El Salvador Supreme Court finds amnesty law from civil war unconstitutional: El Salvador’s Supreme Court has declared that aspects of the amnesty law which contributed to the country’s 1993 peace accords are in violation of the constitution. Judges in the court’s constitutional chamber stated that the amnesty, which was enacted by the Salvadoran Congress in 1993 to bar the prosecution of the state military as well as leftist guerrilla fighters, “is contrary to the right to access justice … and the right to full compensation for victims of crimes against humanity or war crimes that constitute serious violations of international humanitarian law.” The ruling ushers in the opportunity for prosecutors to investigate violations committed during the 12-year Salvadoran civil war which claimed 75,000 lives and left 8,000 missing. Though a national truth commission previously investigated some of the worst massacres that occurred during 1980-1992, both the military and former rebel fighters from the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front – the country’s current ruling party – may now face prosecution for war time actions.
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